Tuesday, August 10, 2010

12-year Basic Education in the Philippines

With the settling in of the new administration, new programs and proposals are also being developed - a 12-year basic education cycle being one of them. This proposal aims to add one (1) year in elementary and another year in high school in the Philippines' current educational system.

The reason behind this proposal is that our high school graduates are unfit for getting a job right after graduation because of the lack of years, unlike in other countries where the standard is 12 years (from grades 1 through 12). In fact, the Philippines has the least number of years in basic education in the whole of Asia.

According to Education Secretary Luistro, we were perhaps too focused on academics that we have not been able to produce graduates that satisfy the needs of the Industry. According to the proponents' reasoning, if we can add two years to the basic education, then high school graduates can opt NOT to proceed to college and still be able to get a decent job - this is because the additional two years would be focused on industry skill development.

Photo: Elementary Computer Literacy

While I believe that this proposal is a very noble idea in that can supposedly uplift the quality of our graduates, I think it would be difficult to implement especially considering the economic situation of the country. I have heard some reactions of the people to this proposal and I do agree with most of them - an additional two years would mean additional two years of financial burden for the parents. Instead of actually helping our youth, it could backfire and even result in a lesser number of children being able to attend school. Now, unless the government can churn up funding for this proposal, I will remain skeptical about this.

In another light, if cheaper education is being sought, then public schools have answered that. While there is no "free" education, public schools make education available and more affordable for those in the lower financial stratum. Still, if we look at the state of many of the public schools around the country, you could say that most are really pitiful.

Funding is not the only issue involved with this. I dare say, if they can produce the funding to extend the years in school, why not prioritize for now what we already have and improve from there? The government could instead direct the funding to putting up additional classrooms, purchasing newer textbooks, and training teachers to improve their competence, among others.

The key here, I believe, is SUSTAINABLE education. What's the point of a good educational program if the target beneficiaries do not even have the money to finish schooling?

I am not entirely against the idea of a 12-year basic education because I believe that progress starts from education. But I would like the government to consider the sustainability of such a proposal. The idea is mature enough - it's the implementation plan that I see is premature. After all, the greater impact would be felt by the younger generations who are at a critical stage in their development.

Education is a long term solution to the problems that we face. That's why we have to be extremely careful about the decisions that we make regarding this because the effects would ripple through generations.

Note: This article contains my thoughts and opinions on the issue. I do not mean to criticize or oppose anyone.

Facts taken from:
Photo taken from:

59 comments:

  1. Well not a bad idea. but i suggest to on further study if it really needs to be implemented. because im so concern about the parents. if it will be implemented,will it lessen the out of school children? there are a lot of things to be considered here. so we need to study both side.

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  2. @cagayan de oro schools:

    Yes, they should study it further and not make hasty decisions. Our educational system has a long-lasting effect on our society so changing it should not be taken lightly.

    There are many out-of-school children even with the current 10-year curriculum. There's really no guarantee that adding years would solve this problem.

    Thank you very much for your comment. :-) I really appreciate it.

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  3. thank you for giving me a clear discussion about this topic

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  4. @anonymous:

    I'm glad to have helped you in any way. Thank you for reading. :-)

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  5. yahh.. the goverment must conduct further studies about that proposal...They should also consider the parents who are spending their money to the education of their child.

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  6. tnx...that helps a lot in our debate...

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  7. im will not agree.. adding two years in education will not help the students in learning more. it's just a ways of time. our generation now children are so hard to manage.. well we can learn a lot through experience.

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  8. me as a student, i think that it will help us a lot. even though not being able to finish college course, we can still get a job.
    but still i wish that the government will have further study about this.

    thanks.. this helps me in my research :)

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  9. well it is good enough if it will be implemented because it helps me a lot as a future teacher..more opportunities will knock at my door.but does the government has the necessary fund to support it?....

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  10. @anonymous:

    Ah, yes, indeed it will give teachers more opportunities but more responsibility as well. And I do agree with you that funding is the primary concern in this proposal.

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  11. I do not agree, we could get jobs at grade 12, but what's the use, blue collar jobs give very low pay, even white collar jobs give low pay, they can't even give jobs to graduates of collages, what about the graduates of highschool? I disagree with this, I believe it would be better just to fund more

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  12. I dont think that adding grade 12 will help our students at all. It will probably burden the parents of the students also. Adding another year does not help anyone at all. Getting jobs while studying does not help also. It will cause fatigue to students and will cause worry to parents.
    Yes, education is good. I understand that part but why add another year?
    It will just be the same. Studying on your own is just the same as studying in school. We still have college. In college, we still study.

    I dont agree with the idea of adding another year to our schools.
    It would be better if they just fixed the lesson plans instead and fund all the other schools.

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  13. Wow. I am very happy with the responses this post is getting. :-)

    Anyway, in the country's current situation, more and more kids are dropping out of school because the parents cannot sustain their education. If we add another year, I believe the number of children who can go to school and actually graduate would decrease dramatically.

    The government should turn their efforts and funding towards improving the "quality", not the "quantity".

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  14. Thanks for your blog..I was researching about the possible topics for the Impromptu speaking contest for my student and I came across with your page...

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  15. i dont agree in adding 2 years in our basic education here..what for?? i mean i graduated only for this 10 years of education and im satisfied..

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  16. YES,,it will a great help to our country,,,
    our country will become more competitive to other country..,
    it wil be burden in the side of the parents but we need this proposal to develop and enhance more the knowledge and skills of the students...
    ,,,the tertiary is only a specialization course to guide as to our career...But in basic education, we learn more......

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    Replies
    1. @ anonymous...
      I agree with your opinion!

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  17. i agree with that statement, many problems should be fix first before make another.

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  18. i agree...because it can help the student to have more extra knowledge..and it also help us to improve/develop uor skill...

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  19. me, as a teacher, i don't agree with this 2-year additional in the educational system.because it depends on the students if they really wanted to learn and to have good job in the future. its their decision also if they wanted to continue their study or not.

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  20. its on the students' part if they really wanted to be study or not. i don't think so that adding two more years in the education will help the students be mature and ready to work.there are lots of professionals now who are young and succesfull.

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  21. thanks for the info... these would really help us on our debate this coming tuesday.

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  22. Nice oneeee! This would really help me in my chitchat with Gab...^ We talk about this everyday every minute every second. ;) haha

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  23. Thank you for all your comments. I really enjoyed reading them.

    As of now, the additional year in elementary, I think, will be pushed through either next year or in 2012. The additional year in high school won't be implemented until 2016 - at least, that's what I heard from the news.

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  24. we will have our extempo speech tomorow and these 2 years additional in basic education is one of our topic..thnx for these comments..i get some ideas..i also dont agree with it.even if we also have a 10yrs in basic education we can also have a job but of course expect the low salary that you will recieve.the most important is you will have your diploma in college and be proffesional.

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  25. yes, thanks 4 d info it will help me in doing my reaction paper.

    but 4 me as a student I beg to disagree on the proposal because it is an another expense on the part of the parents and more years of headache to students...

    tnx...

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  26. I don't agree with that kind of educational system. You can compete if you'll think you can.. we need BETTER education, not MORE education...it's the Content that matters not the length....

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  27. i am not agree it is very costly...
    then if it will be implemented then no one wants to go to college at all...because they already spend their 12 yrs of their life in elementary and high school..instead their already in 2nd yr college..
    to government:
    please think about it million times..

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  28. i do not agree with it too simply because our country has many problems beides this they should think about it first.

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  29. gosh may i ask if this comming june we are 4th year do we still have a 5th year on 2012?

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  30. thanks for giving these good idea.It helped us a lot in our debate..:)

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  31. i don't agree because of our generation now... hardship,

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  32. YEA! YOUR TOPIC IS REALLY A BIG HELP ! WE WILL BE HAVING A DEBATE TOMMOROW ABOUT THIS !! AND THIS REALLY HELPS ME A LOT ! :) THANKS ! :)

    BY THE WAY . I AM NOT AGREE TO THIS 2YEAR ADDITIONAL EDUCATION ALSO . AND I THINK ALL OF YOU KNOW WHAT ARE THE REASONS WHY . THEY ON THE POSITION SHOULD THINK ABOUT THIS A BILLION TIMES !

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  33. ...for me,, i will not agree,because it depends to the student if, they are willing to know more!!!(THANK!)^_^

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  34. oh my additional 2 yrs is another burden for the parents'YES its true'isnt it?because now-adays crisis is still existng'..

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  35. dili me gusto kai kapoi nag skul :D gi sayunan mu sah gastuhonon ! maayu untag taga.an me ninyu og pang ba.on dva !!!!!

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  36. It is wrong or shall I say ,useless. I think it will only make the Philippine education system produce more incompetent adults in the future if they (DepEd) will make those additional 2 years be concentrating on "industry skill development". Instead they should stretch or divide or distribution the lessons of the curriculum to 12. So that, teachers can further elaborate or emphasize each lesson per school year because the lessons are lesser. the is a saying that goes: LESSER IS MORE. The fewer the topics are for each grade/year level ,the more time each will be discussed and tackled. I think one of the reasons why we produce these kind of students now is because of so many things to do in a limited time which not only give too much pressure but also the quality of learning is doubtful. >And that's my opinion!<

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  37. im a public school teacher ive seen the problem of ur philippine education and for me k+12 is not the answer for our problem.we should address the needs of filipino youth and society in general by giving the highest budget for department of education,upholding the democratic rights of students,stop unjust tuition fee hike of private schools,improve science research and technology development and uplift the welfare of our teachers who are the front liners.
    government must be transparent in all their spending and corruption must be stopped .

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  38. this suggestion-adding 2 more years in the philippine education-will not address any problem but just to allow our country level up with her neighboring countries because there was the so called "12-year basic education cycle". ..try to think further with our economic situation...there were those people living in the barrios that can't even let one child go to school...they can't even meet the requirements of an ordinary kinder pupil...try to provide first schools, chairs, enough number of classrooms, well skilled teachers and among other problems that we have today before being confident in adding 2 more years..

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  39. blonde chick:
    as a parent, i firmly disagree on the proposal.. i don't think adding two more years in education would be the answer to our economic problem now a days. having 3 children to send to school is very expensive in spite the fact that i & my husband have job and we can give support to our children educational needs. but what about the other parents who have no source or less source of income? do we think they can still send their children to school? in this case, the poor will be come poorer and the private schools will become richer, isn't? i still believe that our success will really depend on how we work on it.. regardless of our educational attainment, if we strive hard and have determination to succeed, i don't think we'll go wrong.. Pinoys are born to be talented and gifted.. in fact, anywhere & everywhere in this world, Pinoys are really excellent! :)

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  40. Our country has left behind and it's basically because we have lack of education that turns out to be overpopulated then poverty and increase of crime rates in order to survive. It's hard to rule a state that has lot's of barbarians because they are not well educate. Adding 2 years in our basic education will help us to be more mature and ready to what course we fit in. k+12 is not a waste of time and money because in the near future you can earn good salary and profession. Just imagine on the other country a Judge in their supreme court can earn 1 MILLION a month compare to a Filipino worker that can earn it on min. rate for 9 years. See the difference? The government gives us k+12 now it's on our hands to improve ourselves because no one can help you except your own will. There's nothing wrong to DREAM and AIM BIG. I just love our country so much that hurts me to see our differences on the rich countries that their nationals have and enjoys their DECENT LIVING unlike here you can see lot's of people living in streets begging for money,naked and famine. We should process and develop now. God please bless our country.

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  41. Why don't we just give it a TRY? Goodluck Filipinos!

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  42. Pahirap lang sa atin yang mga magulang kasi dagdag taon dagdag gastos!

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  43. We do need a QUALITY EDUCATION!
    pls support the proposal.. :)

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  44. Well, in my own point of view, this proposal is an overt resolution to the scarcity of manpower experts in our country. Actually, we have already sufficient number of white collar job occupants as well as seekers. The government could not anymore afford to provide this people with suitable jobs apropos to their field of expertise, however we lack people who are adept in manual labor or sometimes condone this people without considering the fact that we badly need them to accord balance in the economic milieu thus, forcing them to apply for a job abroad leaving their family here in the Philippines in exchange for a meager income overseas...

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  45. Tnx . . You all help me with my debate . :P

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  46. i think its not the system, Filipinos are generally intelligent(aahmm), thus i believe that we can uplift quality education if we focus on the real problems and address this first before changing the system. This includes investing on conducive learning facilities, trained and equiped teachers, more books etc..adding two years will be a complete waste of scarce resource if you can't provide these three basics. imagine putting a teacher who is just 5pages ahead to her/his students in a classroom full-pack of almost 100 in numbers with two to three pupils sharing in one worn-out/obsolete/and sometimes full of error/ book?

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  47. Yeah its very important to add 2 yrs education program especially for Filipino students . However our society is already having a big trouble provding education for filipino students. But make sure our president will choose a right decision and CAN PROVIDE GIVING EDUCATION ESPECIALLY IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

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  48. I really don't know if I will agree into this K to 12 educational proposal, it's making me crazy! you know what having an additional years for school it may be or it is really a great help! but on the other side were not actually sure if having that additional years can improve the way or quality of teaching in some schools! especially those schools that are so FAR!!
    I don't think so that it would make any difference!

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  49. The problem is not the education but the lack of work in the philippines. The rich gets richer and the poor gets poorer. Do you actually believe that the "poor" people who wants to get their education done will have another year or 2 to be able to help support the family of 6 or 7. There is no problem with our current education system. The government needs to be providing enough job for college graduates. Make the economy better...

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  50. oh ! thanks for this blog ! this really help me for my debate this coming Monday :)

    - well ', for me as a student , k+12 is not a good idea !! gosh ! we all know that most of the student now are becoming LAZY ! ! and I think there was no student anymore to go to school.

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  51. Philippines is the only country in Asia that don't have this program. I think it is now time to try it and enforce it in education to make our students become more competitive.

    Philippine Schools

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  52. it's not about the fact that we have different education system in our country, it's all about how education be embraced by the students so that we can have a better future thru quality graduates.

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